by Bonnie Vitale, president of the Western New York Rose Society
There so many different types of roses. Which one is right for you?
Here are a few examples of different types of rose bushes that grow well in our area.
You can also find out more about roses at the 70th annual Rose Show to be held by the Western New York Rose Society from 1 to 5 p.m. Saturday, June 22 at the Galleria Mall, One Walden Galleria, Cheektowaga.
You’ll be able to see roses and ask the society members questions about caring for roses.
See tips on caring for roses below.
The first Modern Roses were developed in 1867. Before that, roses (now referred to as Old World Roses), usually bloomed only once during the season and had large, many petaled blooms. Modern roses were bred to create roses with repeat blooming and high-pointed center blooms.
Hybrid tea roses are, by far, the most popular rose these days and are available in a wide variety of bloom shape, size and color.
These are mostly upright bushes that can grow tall — up to six feet tall. They have single blooms on individual long stems, with a bloom cycle every five to seven weeks.
They are prone to black spot, powdery mildew and rust, but some are disease resistant.
Fragrances vary. Many have light to heavy fragrances, but disease-resistant varieties have little to no scent.
Floribundas are a cross between a Polyantha (a type of Old World Rose) and a Hybrid Tea.
The name Floribunda reflects their abundance of flowers, which bloom in clusters on individual short stems. They get this trait from the Polyantha. Floribundas get their variety of colors and bloom shapes and sizes from Hybrid Teas.
Floribundas are short, compact bushes with a spread of about three feet by three feet. They bloom in continuous waves all season. Disease resistance and fragrance varies.
A cross between Floribundas and Hybrid Teas, Grandiflora roses also have the variety of color and shape of Hybrid Teas with clusters of blooms on individual long stems like the Floribundas.
They can grow to four or five feet high with a spread of three to four feet. They also bloom in continuous waves throughout the season. Disease resistance and fragrance vary.
Knock Out Roses
These roses are becoming very popular. They are easy to grow, requiring watering and little else. They even deadhead themselves!
Knock Outs are very disease resistant but have very little fragrance.
They have a profusion of blooms on short stems and look great lining a driveway or as a low hedge. They have a spread of about three feet by three feet.
They are available in limited colors at this time.
Old World Roses
Old World Roses are from a class that was in existence before 1867. They are also known as Old Garden Roses, English Roses or Heirloom Roses. They usually bloom only once per season and are resistant to common diseases. They have large blooms with heavy fragrance.
David Austin Roses
Here you have a rose with profuse, large blooms and the heavy fragrance of Old Garden Roses, but with disease resistance and the color selection and repeat bloom cycle of Modern Roses.
These bushy upright roses grow to about four feet by four feet and have large double blooms, some with 120 petals.
Basics for growing roses
Here is some basic information you need to grow roses here in Western New York.
- Roses need six hours of full sun, so pick a location in your yard that will provide enough direct sunlight.
- Roses love water, but they don’t like their feet wet — choose a location with rich, well drained soil.
- Your soil pH should be 6.5 to 7, which is neutral or just a little acidic.
- You will need to feed and water your roses. Water deeply twice a week (about an inch of water). Water more in hot, dry weather.
- Feed or fertilize when the roses start to leaf out and repeat every 7-10 days. Always read and follow directions on the food and fertilizer containers.
- If you want to avoid insect damage and control disease, you will have to spray every 7-10 days. There are organic as well as chemical sprays available. A three-in-one spray with a miticide, insecticide and fungicide is best. Always read and follow directions on the product you use and wear recommended protective equipment.