by Connie Oswald Stofko
A few years ago, David Clark, nationally and internationally known gardening educator, shared tips with us on potting and caring for an amaryllis.
Now he has changed his methods.
“It’s always good to learn new ways,” Clark said. “What a huge difference it made in the way my flowers grew.”
Clark also gives us advice on what to do if the amaryllis gets red streaks on its leaves.
How to force your amaryllis to bloom indoors
Many people want to force their amaryllis to bloom indoors over the winter. They get the plants around the holidays and enjoy the bloom, then want to have the plant rebloom again inside the next year.
It’s not difficult to do.
First, don’t cut off the leaves. That advice hasn’t changed.
In fact, Clark has added another suggestion: Don’t cut off the flower stem, either.
Instead, as the flowers fade, cut off each flower at the top, but leave the stalk. If you have cut an amaryllis flower stalk in the past, you probably noticed the slimy liquid that runs out of it. That liquid has nutrients that the bulb can use, Clark said. Leave the flower stalk in place and the bulb can absorb the nutrients and store them for the following year.
In the spring, when the danger of frost has passed and night temperatures are at 55 degrees Fahrenheit, put the plant outside. The plant needs to build up energy in the bulb so it can bloom again inside the next winter.
In the past, Clark recommended leaving the bulb in the pot when you place it outside, but he notes that some people think it’s better to take the bulb out of the pot and place it directly into the ground.
During late summer or fall, depending on when you want your amaryllis to bloom, you will bring your pot or bulbs inside and stop watering.
Timing to get amaryllis to bloom for holidays & next steps
To have your amaryllis bulbs bloom around Dec. 20, you need to start the process around the middle of August. You need about 8 to 10 weeks of dormancy before the bulb blooms.
Bring the bulbs inside. If they are in a pot, you can leave them in the pot. Stop watering them. The leaves will turn yellow and brown in about a month. (That would take you to the middle of September.)
Take the bulb out of the soil.
Store the bulbs in sawdust inside a paper bag or cardboard box. You can also use foam packing peanuts — they promote air circulation around the bulb. Make sure to include a plant tag or write the container so you know what kind of amaryllis you have, Clark added.
Set the prepared bulbs in a place where the temperature is 40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit for six weeks. (This would take you to the end of October or beginning of November.)
Then it’s time to repot your bulbs. That should be about six weeks before you want your plants to bloom. Clark potted his up last year on Nov. 11 and they bloomed on Dec. 20.
Repotting your amaryllis
Clean your pots. Clark uses hot tap water, a splash of white vinegar and a splash of inexpensive mouthwash. Not only will this sterilize the pot, he said, it will remove those white, powdery salt deposits. Submerge the pot in the cleaning solution and let it soak overnight. Scrub the pot with a brush to remove any discolorations.
Use fresh soil. For your potting mixture, start with 75 percent soilless potting mix (peat moss, perlite, vermiculite,) 10 percent garden soil or bagged topsoil (this supplies nutrients), 10 percent compost and 5 percent pumice or perlite.
If you can, repot the bulb into same pot because the bulbs like being rootbound. There should be only one-half inch or one inch on each side of the bulb. You should have about one-third of the bulb sticking out of the soil.
Place the pot in the living area of your home. Water the soil, then don’t water again until you see some sign of growth. When you see growth, sprinkle just a quarter cup water around perimeter of bulb. If you water sparingly during this period, you’ll encourage the growth of the flower rather than leaves, he said.
Don’t fertilize until the flower is done.
Red streaks on amaryllis leaves
Red streaks on the leaves of your amaryllis can be red blotch, Clark explained. A mite chewing on the bulb injures the emerging leaf structure, then a fungus takes the opportunity to make a home in the damaged leaf.
If you see red streaking during the growing season, use a neem oil spray on the leaves, bulb and soil.
Neem oil breaks down quickly, so it’s safer for the environment than some other pesticides, he noted. You still have to be careful when applying it. Wear safety gear and don’t spray on a windy day. Don’t spray it during the day when beneficial insects are most active. Instead, spray very early in the morning or late at night.
When it’s time to bring your bulbs indoors to force the bloom, do this next step. However, this step should be done outdoors, not in the house, Clark said.
Put on protective gear: safety goggles, a dust mask that you would wear for sanding and nitrile safety gloves. Make a solution with water and a powder called Bordeaux mixture or Bordo Mix or a copper-based fungicide. Drop the bulb in the solution and let it sit for 30 minutes. Make sure you wear gloves when you take the bulb out.
Another method recommended by Hadeco, an amaryllis exporter, is to soak the bulbs in a water bath at 104-115 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes.
Take the bulb out of the solution or water bath and let it dry in the sun for a couple of days. If you’re doing this late in the season and the outdoor temperatures are freezing, dry the bulb indoors, Clark said. However, we want to do this procedure before we get freezing temperatures.
If you have a problem with a plant, you can stop in to a local garden center for advice or contact the Master Gardeners in your area.